Education and Good Health Help Prevent Dementia

Drawing by Elizabeth Wagele

Drawing by Elizabeth Wagele

Doctors are beginning to take patients’ memory loss complaints more seriously. When patients note a decline in their memory and thinking skills, it’s called ”subjective cognitive decline.” Some of these complaints do not develop into dementia because of psychological angst—perhaps family members have had dementia, causing some to worry they have it when they don’t. But sometimes the person who complains is onto something; the advantage to subjective screening is that it helps pinpoint people at risk to determine if treatments can delay or prevent Alzheimer’s.

Doctors hope to devise a test that identifies which subjective concerns are potentially worrisome, since not all are. The experts don’t recommend a scan to see if there are amyloids in the brain for these people, however, because nothing can be done about it.

These normal memory changes go with aging:

·      Forgetting why you entered a room.

·      Having trouble retrieve names of unfamiliar people.

·      Change in memory compared with young adulthood.

·      Memory changes similar to others the same age.

These changes are not a normal part of aging:

      •     Getting lost in familiar surroundings.

      •     Trouble remembering important details of recent events.

      •      Having difficulty following the plot of a TV program or book because of memory.

      •      Memory problems worse than others of the same age.

The information above was based on The New York Times article, July 18 2013, “Dementia’s Signs May Come Early” by Pam Belluck.

In another New York Times article, “Dementia Rate Is Found to Drop Sharpy With Better Health and Education” July 17, 2013, by Gina Kolata,  dementia rates were reported to drop by 25% in the last two decades in England and Wales. A Danish study showed similar results. Better health and education are thought to be responsible for these results. Experts expect this to also be true in the United States.

This news is important because recently many have thought a rapid rise in people with dementia would cost so much, it would be difficult to support financially. But more and more people are controlling their blood pressure and cholesterol. Now it looks like dementia rates will fall as the population becomes healthier and better educated.

Visit to check out my books, CD, cartoons, and essays, and Famous Enneagram Types.

Read my Psychology Today blog, “Nostalgia – A Valuable Tool for Life.”

How to Prepare for a Job Interview

Cartoon by EWagele from "The Career Within You"

Cartoon by EWagele from “The Career Within You”

Are you looking for a job? Make sure the job you’re applying for fits your personality type.

Unemployment nationally is 7.6%. The national economy added 195,000 new jobs in June, Unemployment in May was down in California to 8.6% from 9% in April. The biggest gains were in the leisure and hospitality sector, which added 9,000 jobs, and in the government sector, which added 8,400 jobs. Even though the economy is improving, you may have a better chance of finding a job if you change careers.

My friend Ron is going to be looking for a job soon. He’s been working for the same company that sells electronic parts for 30 years and it’s going out of business. He knows he wants to do something radically different but doesn’t know what.The Career Within You  (by E.Wagele and I. Stabb—HarperCollins publishers) is a practical book on how to choose and manage your career based on the Enneagram personality types. Its Wagele-Stabb Career Finder will help Ron match his particular strengths with the best career for him, perhaps something connected to reading or the arts in his case. After he determines his personality type and chooses the best way to manage his career, The Career Within You will give him detailed steps to take on writing a résumé and landing a new job.

Cartoon by EWagele from "The Career Within You"

Cartoon by EWagele from “The Career Within You”

Chapter 11 is a Job-Hunting Guide. “You can never be too prepared for an interview, whether it is informational or for a specific job opening. Do your homework in advance by looking up the company online, reading articles about its constituents or competitors, and perusing biographical information about the person who will be interviewing you. Interviewers might ask you what you think of their products and services, so gather your thoughts about what you read and observe. Be prepared to make suggestions from your fresh set of eyes and to ask insightful questions. If you know people who have worked for this organization, call them in advance and ask for context and tips.

Review the job description again for clarity about the requirements of the organization. Review your elevator speech and résumé again, matching your experience against those requirements. Skilled interviewers will use a technique called behavioral interviewing, where they will inquire about specific examples of your experience…

Cartoon by EWagele from "The Career Within You"

Cartoon by EWagele from “The Career Within You”

Ideally, all interviews are two-way streets where the employer gets to ask questions to see if you’re the person needed for the job and you get to ask questions to see if the group is the one you want to work for. Unfortunately, the conversation tends to be one-way at first, but you still need to interview the organization and get to the bottom of the ten items in your list of prioritized needs… “

This Dear Abby advice is from the San Francisco Chronicle, 6-22-13:

“Dear Abby: I am the human resources director for a nonprofit organization. Ninety-five percent of all the candidates I interview know little to nothing about the organization for which they are interviewing.

Most organizations are less likely to hire an applicant who has done no research on the company. – Shaking My Head in San Diego

Dear Shaking Your Head: That’s good advice.”

I’ll have to recommend to Ron that he read Dear Abby too.

Visit for Famous Enneagram Types and to check out my books, CD, cartoons, and essays.

Please read my blog on Death Cafes in Psychology Today.

Cartoon by EWagele from "The Career Within You"

Cartoon by EWagele from “The Career Within You”